An elasto-plastic-damage model for quasi-brittle shales
A constitutive model that couples elastic-plastic and damage theories is developed to predict the mechanical behavior of a shale from the Mont Terri rock laboratory (Opalinus Clay). The framework of continuum damage mechanics allows to predict the degradation of the elastic parameters with strains, while the coupling with plasticity correctly reproduces the irreversible strains typical of hard clayey materials. The yield surfaces (one for damage and one for plasticity) are postulated and the evolution equations of the internal variables are derived throughout the application of normality rule. Thermodynamic consistency of the model is investigated. The plastic behavior is described with a non-linear strain hardening function and is coupled with an isotropic damage model suitable for brittle and quasi-brittle geomaterials. The model is integrated with an implicit scheme that guarantees convergence and accuracy. Numerical simulations carried out with the proposed model in triaxial conditions well reproduced observed behavior from experiments.
Record created on 2014-06-10, modified on 2016-08-09