000199063 001__ 199063
000199063 005__ 20181203023512.0
000199063 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.energy.2014.01.093
000199063 022__ $$a0360-5442
000199063 02470 $$2ISI$$a000334262000068
000199063 037__ $$aARTICLE
000199063 245__ $$aInvestment and production costs of synthetic fuels - A literature survey
000199063 260__ $$bElsevier$$c2014$$aOxford
000199063 269__ $$a2014
000199063 300__ $$a10
000199063 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000199063 520__ $$aSynthetic fuels, or synfuels, can be produced from gas, coal and biomass. The conversion of gas and coal is well established but lignocellulosic biomass conversion is slow to develop. This paper addresses the issue of the production cost of second generation biofuels via the thermo-chemical route, biomass to liquids (BtL). Techno-economic studies help identify promising conversion processes, but also introduce a false confidence in the technology that may lead to ill fated decisions. A large number of techno-economic studies have been published since the year 2000 showing a large variability in the results. This paper analyses the published data and presents causes of the observed variability, including a comparison with coal and gas to liquids. Large uncertainties remain however with regard to the precision of the economic predictions. It will be shown that the spread in the economic source data accounts for much of the spread in the predictions. These uncertainties affect both CtL and BtL cost predictions. It will be shown however that the results are relatively coherent and that most of the differences between the costs of synthetic fuels can be traced back to economies of scale considering mature technology. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
000199063 6531_ $$aBiofuels
000199063 6531_ $$aBtL
000199063 6531_ $$aCtL
000199063 6531_ $$aGtL
000199063 6531_ $$aGasification
000199063 6531_ $$aFischer-Tropsch
000199063 700__ $$uCEA Grenoble, LITEN, Biomass & Thermal Networks Serv, Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat,Bio, F-38054 Grenoble 9, France$$aHaarlemmer, Geert
000199063 700__ $$uCEA Grenoble, LITEN, Biomass & Thermal Networks Serv, Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat,Bio, F-38054 Grenoble 9, France$$aBoissonnet, Guillaume
000199063 700__ $$0245242$$g188725$$uCEA Grenoble, LITEN, Biomass & Thermal Networks Serv, Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat,Bio, F-38054 Grenoble 9, France$$aPeduzzi, Emanuela
000199063 700__ $$aSetier, Pierre-Alexandre$$uCEA Grenoble, LITEN, Biomass & Thermal Networks Serv, Commissariat Energie Atom & Energies Alternat,Bio, F-38054 Grenoble 9, France
000199063 773__ $$j66$$tEnergy$$q667-676
000199063 909C0 $$xU12691$$0252481$$pIPESE
000199063 909CO $$pSTI$$particle$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:199063
000199063 917Z8 $$x105177
000199063 917Z8 $$x105177
000199063 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-199063
000199063 973__ $$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000199063 980__ $$aARTICLE