The isolation and structural characterization of three new heterocyclic and macrocyclic peptides, balgacyclamides A C, from Microcystis aeruginosa EAWAG 251 are reported. The constitutions were determined by 2D-NMR methods and mass spectrometry, and the configurations were assigned after ozonolysis and hydrolysis by HPLC-MS methods using Marfey's method as well as GC-MS using authentic standards. Balgacyclamides A and B were active against Plasmodium falciparum K1 in the low micromolar range, while displaying low toxicity to rat myoblasts.