LLR-based Successive Cancellation List Decoding of Polar Codes
We present an LLR-based implementation of the successive cancellation list (SCL) decoder. To this end, we associate each decoding path with a metric which (i) is a monotone function of the path’s likelihood and (ii) can be computed efﬁciently from the channel LLRs. The LLR-based formulation leads to a more efﬁcient hardware implementation of the decoder compared to the known log-likelihood based implementation. Synthesis results for an SCL decoder with block-length of N = 1024 and list sizes of L = 2 and L = 4 conﬁrm that the LLR-based decoder has considerable area and operating frequency advantages in the orders of 50% and 30%, respectively.