000197431 001__ 197431
000197431 005__ 20190225185204.0
000197431 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.10.025
000197431 022__ $$a1873-3514
000197431 037__ $$aARTICLE
000197431 245__ $$aNonconscious emotional processing involves distinct neural pathways for pictures and videos
000197431 260__ $$c2012
000197431 269__ $$a2012
000197431 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000197431 520__ $$aFacial expressions are known to impact observers' behavior, even when they are not consciously identifiable. Relying on visual crowding, a perceptual phenomenon whereby peripheral faces become undiscriminable, we show that participants exposed to happy vs. neutral crowded faces rated the pleasantness of subsequent neutral targets accordingly to the facial expression's valence. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) along with psychophysiological interaction analysis, we investigated the neural determinants of this nonconscious preference bias, either induced by static (i.e., pictures) or dynamic (i.e., videos) facial expressions. We found that while static expressions activated primarily the ventral visual pathway (including task-related functional connectivity between the fusiform face area and the amygdala), dynamic expressions triggered the dorsal visual pathway (i.e., posterior partietal cortex) and the substantia innominata, a structure that is contiguous with the dorsal amygdala. As temporal cues are known to improve the processing of visible facial expressions, the absence of ventral activation we observed with crowded videos questions the capacity to integrate facial features and facial motions without awareness. Nevertheless, both static and dynamic facial expressions activated the hippocampus and the orbitofrontal cortex, suggesting that nonconscious preference judgments may arise from the evaluation of emotional context and the computation of aesthetic evaluation.
000197431 6531_ $$aBrain Mapping
000197431 6531_ $$aEmotions
000197431 6531_ $$aFacial Expression
000197431 700__ $$aFaivre, Nathan
000197431 700__ $$aCharron, Sylvain
000197431 700__ $$aRoux, Paul
000197431 700__ $$aLehéricy, Stéphane
000197431 700__ $$aKouider, Sid
000197431 773__ $$j50$$k14$$q3736-44$$tNeuropsychologia
000197431 909C0 $$0252449$$pBMI$$xU10454
000197431 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:197431$$pSV$$particle
000197431 917Z8 $$x244171
000197431 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-197431
000197431 973__ $$aEPFL$$rNON-REVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED
000197431 980__ $$aARTICLE