000196113 001__ 196113
000196113 005__ 20181203023417.0
000196113 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1103/PhysRevD.88.112008
000196113 022__ $$a1550-7998
000196113 02470 $$2ISI$$a000328692900001
000196113 037__ $$aARTICLE
000196113 245__ $$aProbing the origin of cosmic rays with extremely high energy neutrinos using the IceCube Observatory
000196113 260__ $$aCollege Pk$$bAmer Physical Soc$$c2013
000196113 269__ $$a2013
000196113 300__ $$a15
000196113 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000196113 520__ $$aWe have searched for extremely high energy neutrinos using data taken with the IceCube detector between May 2010 and May 2012. Two neutrino-induced particle shower events with energies around 1 PeV were observed, as reported previously. In this work, we investigate whether these events could originate from cosmogenic neutrinos produced in the interactions of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays with ambient photons while propagating through intergalactic space. Exploiting IceCube's large exposure for extremely high energy neutrinos and the lack of observed events above 100 PeV, we can rule out the corresponding models at more than 90% confidence level. The model-independent quasidifferential 90% C. L. upper limit, which amounts to E-2 phi(nu e)+(nu mu)+(nu tau) = 1.2 x 10(-7) GeV cm(-2) s(-1) sr(-1) at 1 EeV, provides the most stringent constraint in the energy range from 10 PeV to 10 EeV. Our observation disfavors strong cosmological evolution of the highest energy cosmic-ray sources such as the Fanaroff-Riley type II class of radio galaxies.
000196113 700__ $$aAartsen, M. G.$$uUniv Adelaide, Sch Chem & Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
000196113 700__ $$aAbbasi, R.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aAckermann, M.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aAdams, J.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aAguilar, J. A.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000196113 700__ $$aAhlers, M.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aAltmann, D.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aArguelles, C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aAuffenberg, J.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBai, X.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBaker, M.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBarwick, S. W.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBaum, V.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBay, R.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBeatty, J. J.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTjus, J. Becker$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000196113 700__ $$aBecker, K. -H.$$uSUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBenzvi, S.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBerghaus, P.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBerley, D.$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aBernardini, E.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aBernhard, A.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBesson, D. Z.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aBinder, G.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aBindig, D.
000196113 700__ $$aBissok, M.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBlaufuss, E.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBlumenthal, J.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000196113 700__ $$aBoersma, D. J.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aBohm, C.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aBose, D.$$uSungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea
000196113 700__ $$aBoeser, S.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBotner, O.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aBrayeur, L.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aBretz, H. -P.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aBrown, A. M.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000196113 700__ $$aBruijn, R.$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aCasey, J.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000196113 700__ $$aCasier, M.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aChirkin, D.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aChristov, A.$$uUniv Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aChristy, B.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aClark, K.$$uUniv Toronto, Dept Phys, Toronto, ON M5S 1A7, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aClevermann, F.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aCoenders, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$0244647$$aCohen, S.$$g181306$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aCowen, D. F.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSilva, A. H. Cruz$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aDanninger, M.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aDaughhetee, J.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDavis, J. C.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDay, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDe Clercq, C.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aDe Ridder, S.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aDesiati, P.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDe Vries, K. D.
000196113 700__ $$aDe With, M.
000196113 700__ $$aDeyoung, T.
000196113 700__ $$aDiaz-Velez, J. C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDunkman, M.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aEagan, R.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aEberhardt, B.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aEisch, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aEuler, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aEvenson, P. A.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aFadiran, O.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aFazely, A. R.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000196113 700__ $$aFedynitch, A.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aFeintzeig, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aFeusels, T.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aFilimonov, K.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aFinley, C.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aFischer-Wasels, T.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aFlis, S.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aFranckowiak, A.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aFrantzen, K.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aFuchs, T.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aGaisser, T. K.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGallagher, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGerhardt, L.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGladstone, L.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGluesenkamp, T.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aGoldschmidt, A.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGolup, G.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aGonzalez, J. G.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGoodman, J. A.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGora, D.$$uUniv Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aGrandmont, D. T.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aGrant, D.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aGretskov, P.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aGroh, J. C.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aGross, A.$$uTech Univ Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHa, C.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aIsmail, A. Haj$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aHallen, P.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHallgren, A.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aHalzen, F.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aHanson, K.$$uUniv Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aHeereman, D.$$uUniv Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aHeinen, D.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHelbing, K.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHellauer, R.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aHickford, S.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000196113 700__ $$aHill, G. C.$$uUniv Adelaide, Sch Chem & Phys, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
000196113 700__ $$aHoffman, K. D.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aHoffmann, R.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHomeier, A.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aHoshina, K.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aHuelsnitz, W.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aHulth, P. O.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aHultqvist, K.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aHussain, S.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aIshihara, A.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000196113 700__ $$aJacobi, E.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aJacobsen, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aJagielski, K.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aJaparidze, G. S.$$uClark Atlanta Univ, CTSPS, Atlanta, GA 30314 USA
000196113 700__ $$aJero, K.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aJlelati, O.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aKaminsky, B.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKappes, A.$$uUniv Erlangen Nurnberg, Erlangen Ctr Astroparticle Phys, D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKarg, T.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKarle, A.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKauer, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKelley, J. L.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKiryluk, J.$$uSUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKlaes, J.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKlein, S. R.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKoehne, J. -H.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKohnen, G.$$uUniv Mons, B-7000 Mons, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aKolanoski, H.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKoepke, L.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKopper, C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKopper, S.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKoskinen, D. J.$$uUniv Copenhagen, Niels Bohr Inst, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
000196113 700__ $$aKowalski, M.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKrasberg, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKriesten, A.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKrings, K.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKroll, G.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aKunnen, J.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aKurahashi, N.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aKuwabara, T.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aLabare, M.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aLandsman, H.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aLarson, M. J.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aLesiak-Bzdak, M.$$uSUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
000196113 700__ $$aLeuermann, M.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aLeute, J.$$uTech Univ Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aLuenemann, J.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aMacias, O.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000196113 700__ $$aMadsen, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMaggi, G.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aMaruyama, R.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMase, K.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000196113 700__ $$aMatis, H. S.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMcnally, F.
000196113 700__ $$aMeagher, K.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMerck, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMeures, T.$$uUniv Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aMiarecki, S.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aMiddell, E.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aMilke, N.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aMiller, J.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aMohrmann, L.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aMontaruli, T.$$uUniv Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aMorse, R.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aNahnhauer, R.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aNaumann, U.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aNiederhausen, H.$$uSUNY Stony Brook, Dept Phys & Astron, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
000196113 700__ $$aNowicki, S. C.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aNygren, D. R.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aObertacke, A.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aOdrowski, S.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aOlivas, A.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aOmairat, A.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aO'Murchadha, A.$$uUniv Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aPaul, L.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aPepper, J. A.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aDe Los Heros, C. Perez
000196113 700__ $$aPfendner, C.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aPieloth, D.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aPinat, E.$$uUniv Libre Brussels, Fac Sci, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aPosselt, J.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aPrice, P. B.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aPrzybylski, G. T.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRaedel, L.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aRameez, M.$$uUniv Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aRawlins, K.$$uUniv Alaska Anchorage, Dept Phys & Astron, Anchorage, AK 99508 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRedl, P.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aReimann, R.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aResconi, E.$$uTech Univ Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aRhode, W.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$0244638$$aRibordy, M.$$g178185$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aRichman, M.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRiedel, B.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRodrigues, J. P.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRott, C.$$uSungkyunkwan Univ, Dept Phys, Suwon 440746, South Korea
000196113 700__ $$aRuhe, T.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aRuzybayev, B.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aRyckbosch, D.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aSaba, S. M.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSander, H. -G.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSantander, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSarkar, S.$$uUniv Oxford, Dept Phys, Oxford OX1 3NP, England
000196113 700__ $$aSchatto, K.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aScheriau, F.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchmidt, T.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSchmitz, M.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchoenen, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchoeneberg, S.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchoenwald, A.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchukraft, A.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchulte, L.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSchulz, O.$$uTech Univ Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSeckel, D.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSestayo, Y.$$uTech Univ Munich, D-85748 Garching, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSeunarine, S.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000196113 700__ $$aShanidze, R.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSheremata, C.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aSmith, M. W. E.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSoldin, D.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aSpiczak, G. M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000196113 700__ $$aSpiering, C.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aStamatikos, M.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000196113 700__ $$aStanev, T.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aStanisha, N. A.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aStasik, A.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aStezelberger, T.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aStokstad, R. G.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Natl Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aStoessl, A.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aStrahler, E. A.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aStrom, R.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aSullivan, G. W.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTaavola, H.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aTaboada, I.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTamburro, A.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTepe, A.$$uUniv Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aTer-Antonyan, S.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTesic, G.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTilav, S.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DC 19716 USA
000196113 700__ $$aToale, P. A.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aTobin, M. N.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aToscano, S.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aUnger, E.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aUsner, M.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aVallecorsa, S.$$uUniv Geneva, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
000196113 700__ $$aVan Eijndhoven, N.
000196113 700__ $$aVan Overloop, A.
000196113 700__ $$aVan Santen, J.
000196113 700__ $$aVehring, M.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aVoge, M.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aVraeghe, M.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Phys & Astron, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000196113 700__ $$aWalck, C.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aWaldenmaier, T.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aWallraff, M.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aWeaver, Ch.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWellons, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWendt, C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWesterhoff, S.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWhitehorn, N.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWiebe, K.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aWiebusch, C. H.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aWilliams, D. R.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWissing, H.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000196113 700__ $$aWolf, M.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 700__ $$aWood, T. R.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
000196113 700__ $$aWoschnagg, K.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000196113 700__ $$aXu, D. L.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aXu, X. W.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000196113 700__ $$aYanez, J. P.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aYodh, G.$$uUniv Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA
000196113 700__ $$aYoshida, S.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000196113 700__ $$aZarzhitsky, P.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000196113 700__ $$aZiemann, J.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aZierke, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000196113 700__ $$aZoll, M.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000196113 710__ $$aIceCube Collaboration
000196113 773__ $$j88$$k11$$q112008$$tPhysical Review D
000196113 909C0 $$0252318$$pLPHE
000196113 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:196113$$pSB$$particle
000196113 917Z8 $$x162277
000196113 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-196113
000196113 973__ $$aEPFL$$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED
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