3D ALE Finite-Element Method for Two-Phase Flows With Phase Change
We seek to study numerically two-phase flow phenomena with phase change through the finite-element method (FEM) and the arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) framework. This method is based on the so-called one-fluid formulation; thus, only one set of equations is used to describe the flow field at the vapor and liquid phases. The equations are discretized on an unstructured tetrahedron mesh and the interface between the phases is defined by a triangular surface, which is a subset of the three-dimensional mesh. The Navier-Stokes equation is used to model the fluid flow with the inclusion of a source term to compute the interfacial forces that arise from two-phase flows. The continuity and energy equations are slightly modified to take into account the heat and mass transport between the different phases. Such a methodology can be employed to study accurately many problems, such as oil extraction and refinement in the petroleum area, design of refrigeration systems, modeling of biological systems, and efficient cooling of electronics for computational purposes, which is the aim of this research. A comparison of the obtained numerical results to the classical literature is performed and presented in this paper, thus proving the capability of the proposed new methodology as a platform for the study of diabatic two-phase flows.