Heating and cooling of the buildings represent an important area of energy consumption in the developed countries. Furthermore, a large part of this demand is still satisfied with fossil resources such as oil or gas. Therefore, developing alternative and renewable heat sources for buildings is a major challenge for future energy policies. But because of the congestion of the urban underground, conventional ground source heat pump systems need new heat exchangers with the ground. Therefore, embedding absorber pipes within foundation and underground structures represent a great opportunity while it saves the cost of dedicated drillings for boreholes. Shallow tunnels are numerous in large cities for roadways and metro lines. Therefore, using them as heat exchanger with the ground could provide an efficient heat source for the overlying buildings. Different solutions were identified and among them, heat exchanger anchors are the less investigated because of the emerging technology. The present paper investigates the potential of using tunnel anchors as heat exchangers for ground source heat pumps. The study is based on thermo-hydro-mechanical finite element analyses of a cut and cover tunnel and a bored tunnel. Different conditions are tested as well as the efficiency of seasonal heat storage and its mechanical implications.