Hydrogen Peroxide Generation at Liquid|Liquid Interface under Conditions Unfavorable for Proton Transfer from Aqueous to Organic Phase
The charge transfer processes across the interface between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (ITIES) can be employed for energy storage and conversion, solvent extraction, or sensing or in life sciences. Among them are catalytic reactions, which have only been recently studied. Here H2O2 generation is studied with decamethylferrocene (DMFc) as electron donor at the interface between tetrahexylammonium perchlorate solution in 1,2- dichloroethane (1,2-DCE) and aqueous HClO4. These conditions are unfavorable for proton transfer across ITIES because of positive Galvani potential difference. Voltammetry with 1,2-DCE droplet modified electrode shows that DMFc oxidation is accompanied by ClO4− insertion into the organic phase. The reaction progress was followed by UV−vis spectroscopy, voltammetry, and scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). In the first and last method, horseradish peroxidase was used as catalyst. It is concluded that O2 is reduced to H2O2 at the liquid|liquid interface not only under conditions when proton transfer to organic phase is strongly favored, namely, when Galvani potential difference is negative (Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. 2008, 47, 4675−4678).