000189668 001__ 189668
000189668 005__ 20190829172522.0
000189668 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.5751/Es-04974-180138
000189668 022__ $$a1708-3087
000189668 02470 $$2ISI$$a000317184800002
000189668 037__ $$aARTICLE
000189668 245__ $$aDynamics of Forage Production in Pasture-woodlands of the Swiss Jura Mountains under Projected Climate Change Scenarios
000189668 260__ $$bResilience Alliance$$c2013$$aWolfville
000189668 269__ $$a2013
000189668 300__ $$a13
000189668 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000189668 520__ $$aSilvopastoral systems of the Swiss Jura Mountains serve as a traditional source of forage and timber in the subalpine vegetation belt, but their vulnerability to land use and climate change puts their future sustainability at stake. We coupled experimental and modeling approaches to assess the impact of climate change on the pasture-woodland landscape. We drew conclusions on the resistance potential of wooded pastures with different management intensities by sampling along a canopy cover gradient. This gradient spanned from unwooded pastures associated with intensive farming to densely wooded pastures associated with extensive farming. Transplanted mesocosms of these ecosystems placed at warmer and drier conditions provided experimental evidence that climate change reduced herbaceous biomass production in unwooded pastures but had no effect in sparsely wooded pastures, and even stimulated productivity in densely wooded pastures. Through modeling these results with a spatially explicit model of wooded pastures (WoodPaM) modified for the current application, results were extrapolated to the local landscape under two regionalized Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change scenarios for climate change. This led to the suggestion that within the Jura pasture-woodlands, forage production in the near future (2000-2050 AD) would be affected disproportionately throughout the landscape. A stable forage supply in hot, dry years would be provided only by extensive and moderate farming, which allows the development of an insulating tree cover within grazed pastures. We conclude that such structural landscape diversity would grant wood-pastures with a buffering potential in the face of climate change in the forthcoming decades.
000189668 6531_ $$aaboveground biomass
000189668 6531_ $$adrought
000189668 6531_ $$aecotone
000189668 6531_ $$agrassland
000189668 6531_ $$apasture
000189668 6531_ $$asilvopastoral system
000189668 6531_ $$asubalpine
000189668 6531_ $$atransplantation
000189668 6531_ $$awoodland
000189668 700__ $$0243082$$g192418$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Sch Architecture Civil & Environm Engn ENAC, Lab Ecol Syst ECOS, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland$$aGavazov, Konstantin S.
000189668 700__ $$0245335$$g212940$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Sch Architecture Civil & Environm Engn ENAC, Lab Ecol Syst ECOS, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland$$aPeringer, Alexander
000189668 700__ $$0241312$$g133834$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Sch Architecture Civil & Environm Engn ENAC, Lab Ecol Syst ECOS, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland$$aButtler, Alexandre
000189668 700__ $$g152486$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Sch Architecture Civil & Environm Engn ENAC, Lab Ecol Syst ECOS, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland$$aGillet, Francois$$0240673
000189668 700__ $$aSpiegelberger, Thomas$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, Sch Architecture Civil & Environm Engn ENAC, Lab Ecol Syst ECOS, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland$$g190741$$0243080
000189668 773__ $$j18$$tEcology And Society$$k1
000189668 909C0 $$xU11021$$pECOS$$0252129
000189668 909CO $$qENAC$$particle$$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:189668
000189668 917Z8 $$x133834
000189668 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-189668
000189668 973__ $$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED$$aEPFL
000189668 980__ $$aARTICLE