A Highly Chemoselective and Practical Alkynylation of Thiols
A thiol-alkynylation procedure utilizing the hypervalent iodine alkyne transfer reagent TIPS-ethynyl-benziodoxolone has been developed. This scalable reaction proceeds in five minutes at room temperature in an open flask using commercially available reagents. The scope of the reaction is broad, with a variety of phenolic, benzylic, heterocyclic, and aliphatic thiols undergoing alkynylation in excellent yield. The method is highly chemoselective as a vast array of functional groups are tolerated. The utility of the thiol-alkynylation in postsynthetic elaboration has been demonstrated through the facile installment of a fluorophore tag on a cysteine-containing peptide.