Infoscience

Journal article

Influence of crystalline titanium oxide layer smoothness on the performance of inverted organic bilayer solar cells

Due to the small exciton diffusion length in organic materials, the donor-acceptor heterointerface in simple bilayer solar cells must be placed in close proximity to the bottom electrode. This makes great demands on the planarity of the base layer, since a non-uniform topography can cause adverse shorting through overlying layers. We fabricated indium tin oxide (ITO)/titanium oxide (TiOx)/fullerene (C-60)/cyanine dye/molybdenum oxide (MoO3)/silver (Ag) solar cells with TiOx layers deposited via sputtering, coated from a nanoparticle suspension or prepared via a sol-gel process. A power conversion efficiency of 3.7% was measured when using a smooth sol-gel derived TiOx film. (C) 2013 AIP Publishing LLC.

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