3-D granular modeling and in situ X-ray tomographic imaging: A comparative study of hot tearing formation and semi-solid deformation in Al-Cu alloys
The mechanical behavior of partially solidified Al-Cu alloys is investigated to assess the influence of mushy zone deformation on hot tearing. For this purpose, the results of a semi-solid tensile test conducted in situ using X-ray microtomography are compared with the predictions of a coupled hydromechanical granular model in order to both validate the predictions of the model and explain the experimental observations. It is shown that hot tears initiate in the widest liquid channels connected to the free (oxidized) surfaces as long as there is contact between the intergranular liquid and the ambient air. The necking behavior is associated with the deformation-induced liquid pressure drop. Overall, the stresses predicted by the granular model under tensile and shear deformations agree well with the experimental data. Thus, the granular model achieves an important step in predicting hot tearing formation. (c) 2013 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.