Growth and Alignment of Thin Film Organic Single Crystals from Dewetting Patterns
Studying and understanding the conditions under which organic semiconductors can be engineered to form aligned single crystals in thin films is of primary importance owing to their unique orientation-dependent optoelectronic properties. Efforts to reach this goal by self-assembly from solution-processed films have been rewarded only with limited success. In this article we present a new method to grow single crystalline thin films via solvent annealing. We identify solvate crystal growth in combination with a specific film dewetting morphology as key to successful fabrication of single crystals. Furthermore, these 2D single crystals can align on chemically patterned substrates to minimize their interfacial energy. We explore in situ the conditions for crystal formation and alignment.