A thin-layer interface model for wave propagation through filled rock joints
The present study essentially employs a thin-layer interface model for filled rock joints to analyze wave propagation across the jointed rock masses. The thin-layer interface model treats the rough-surfaced joint and the filling material as a continuum medium with a finite thickness. The filling medium is sandwiched between the adjacent rock materials. By back analysis, the relation between the normal stress and the closure of the filled joint are derived, where the effect of joint deformation process on the wave propagation through the joint is analyzed. Analytical solutions and laboratory tests are compared to evaluate the validity of the thin-layer interface model for filled rock joints with linear and nonlinear mechanical properties. The advantages and the disadvantages of the present approach are also discussed. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.