Tensor optimisation for optical-interferometric imaging
Image recovery in optical interferometry is an ill-posed nonlinear inverse problem arising from incomplete power spectrum and bispectrum measurements. We reformulate this nonlin- ear problem as a linear problem for the supersymmetric rank-1 order-3 tensor formed by the tensor product of the vector representing the image under scrutiny with itself. On one hand, we propose a linear convex approach for tensor recovery with built-in supersymmetry, and regularising the inverse problem through a nuclear norm relaxation of a low-rank constraint. On the other hand, we also study a nonlinear nonconvex approach with built-in rank-1 con- straint but where supersymmetry is relaxed, formulating the problem for the tensor product of 3 vectors. In this second approach, only linear convex minimisation subproblems are how- ever solved, alternately and iteratively for the 3 vectors. We provide a comparative analysis of these two novel approaches through numerical simulations on small-size images.