Infoscience

Journal article

Glassy low-energy spin fluctuations and anisotropy gap in La_{1.88}Sr_{0.12}CuO_{4}

We present high-resolution triple-axis neutron scattering studies of the high-temperature superconductor La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 (T-c = 27 K). The temperature dependence of the low-energy incommensurate magnetic fluctuations reveals distinctly glassy features. The glassiness is confirmed by the difference between the ordering temperature T-N similar or equal to T-c inferred from elastic neutron scattering and the freezing temperature T-f similar or equal to 11 K obtained from muon spin rotation studies. The magnetic field independence of the observed excitation spectrum as well as the observation of a partial suppression of magnetic spectral weight below 0.75 meV for temperatures smaller than T-f, indicate that the stripe frozen state is capable of supporting a spin anisotropy gap, of a magnitude similar to that observed in the spin and charge stripe-ordered ground state of La1.875Ba0.125CuO4. The difference between T-N and T-f implies that the significant enhancement in a magnetic field of nominally elastic incommensurate scattering is caused by strictly inelastic scattering-at least in the temperature range between T-f and T-c-which is not resolved in the present experiment. Combining the results obtained from our study of La1.88Sr0.12CuO4 with a critical reappraisal of published neutron scattering work on samples with chemical composition close to p = 0.12, where local probes indicate a sharp maximum in T-f (p), we arrive at the view that the low-energy fluctuations are strongly dependent on composition in this regime, with anisotropy gaps dominating only sufficiently close to p = 0.12 and superconducting spin gaps dominating elsewhere. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.144513

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