Prevention of Caval Collapse During Venous Drainage for CPB
A new plastic self-expanding Smartcanula (Smartcanula LLC, Lausanne, Switzerland) is designed for central insertion and prevention of caval collapse. The objective of our work is to assess the influence of the new design on atrial chatter. Caval collapse over the entire caval axis, right atrial, hepatic, renal vein, and iliac vein is realized in drainage tubes with holes at 5 cm distance intervals. Smartcanulas with various lengths (26 cm [= right atrial], 34 cm [= hepatic], 43 cm [= renal], and 53 cm [= iliac]) versus two-stage cannulas are compared. Pressure drop (Delta P) is measured using Millar pressure-transducers. Flow rate (Q) is measured using an ultrasonic flow meter. Cannula resistance is defined as the Delta P/Q(2) ratio. Data display and recording are controlled using LabView virtual instruments. At an 88 cm height differential, Q values are 8.69 and 6.8 l/min, and Delta P/Q(2) ratios are 0.63 and 1.28 for the 26-cm Smartcanula and the reference cannula, respectively. The 34-cm Smartcanula showed 8.89 l/min and 0.6 Delta P/Q(2) ratio vs. 7.59 l/min and 0.9 for the control cannula (P < 0.05). The 43-cm and 53-cm Smartcanulas showed Q values of 9.04 and 8.81 l/min, respectively, and Delta P/Q(2) ratio of 0.6. The Smartcanula outperforms the two-stage cannula, and direct cannula insertion without guide wire is effective. ASAIO Journal 2013;59:46-51.