Hydrology as a driver of biodiversity: Controls on carrying capacity, niche formation, and dispersal
A synthesis is presented highlighting the importance of hydrologic variables and dynamics to biodiversity patterns. The focus of this paper is the key hydrologic controls crucial towards quantifying the impacts of climate changes on the distribution of species. Specifically, we highlight the hydrologic controls operating on the carrying capacity, niche formation, and dispersal dynamics. This synthesis will facilitate avenues of future research and is connected to issues of major practical importance, such as the integration of the structure of river networks into conservation strategies and the evaluations of the impacts of climate change on biodiversity. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.