Infoscience

Journal article

Unconventional quantum ordered and disordered states in the highly frustrated spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on triangles-in-triangles lattices

The spin-1/2 Ising-Heisenberg model on two geometrically related triangles-in-triangles lattices is exactly solved through the generalized star-triangle transformation, which establishes a rigorous mapping correspondence with the effective spin-1/2 Ising model on a triangular lattice. Basic thermodynamic quantities were exactly calculated within this rigorous mapping method along with the ground-state and finite-temperature phase diagrams. Apart from the classical ferromagnetic phase, both investigated models exhibit several unconventional quantum ordered and disordered ground states. A mutual competition between two ferromagnetic interactions of basically different character generically leads to the emergence of a quantum ferromagnetic phase, in which a symmetric quantum superposition of three up-up-down states of the Heisenberg trimers accompanies a perfect alignment of all Ising spins. In the highly frustrated regime, we have either found the disordered quantum paramagnetic phase with a substantial residual entropy or a similar but spontaneously ordered phase with a nontrivial criticality at finite temperatures. The latter quantum ground state exhibits a striking coexistence of imperfect spontaneous order with partial disorder, which is evidenced by a quantum reduction of the spontaneous magnetization of Heisenberg spins that indirectly causes a small reduction of the spontaneous magnetization of otherwise classical Ising spins. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.87.024421

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