Ubiquity of non-diffusive momentum transport in JET H-modes
A broad survey of the experimental database of neutral beam heated baseline H-modes and hybrid scenarios in the JET tokamak has established the ubiquity of non-diffusive momentum transport mechanisms in rotating plasmas. As a result of their presence, the normalized angular frequency gradient R del omega/omega is higher than expected from momentum diffusion alone, by about unity in the core (r/a similar to 0.3), rising to near 5 close to the edge, where its contribution to the total gradient is comparable to the gradient associated with the diffusive flux. The magnitude and parameter dependences of the non-diffusive contribution to the gradient are consistent with a theoretically expected pinch, which has its origin in the vertical particle drift resulting from the Coriolis force. Linear gyrokinetic calculations of the pinch number RV/chi(phi) and the Prandtl number chi(phi)/chi(i) are in good agreement with the experimental observations, with similar dependences on R/L-n, q and epsilon = r/R. A contribution due to residual stresses may also be present, but could not be identified with certainty.