Evidence for Columnar Order in the Fully Frustrated Transverse Field Ising Model on the Square Lattice

Using extensive classical and quantum Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate the ground-state phase diagram of the fully frustrated transverse field Ising model on the square lattice. We show that pure columnar order develops in the low-field phase above a surprisingly large length scale, below which an effective U(1) symmetry is present. The same conclusion applies to the quantum dimer model with purely kinetic energy, to which the model reduces in the zero-field limit, as well as to the stacked classical version of the model. By contrast, the 2D classical version of the model is shown to develop plaquette order. Semiclassical arguments show that the transition from plaquette to columnar order is a consequence of quantum fluctuations.


Published in:
Physical Review Letters, 109, 18
Year:
2012
Publisher:
College Pk, Amer Physical Soc
ISSN:
0031-9007
Laboratories:




 Record created 2013-02-27, last modified 2018-03-17


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