Infoscience

Journal article

Photoactive sawhorse-type diruthenium tetracarbonyl complexes

Sawhorse-type diruthenium tetracarbonyl complexes incorporating carboxyphenyl porphyrin bridges and pyridine axial ligands have been prepared, characterized and evaluated as potential photosensitizing and chemotherapeutic agents in several human cancer cells (A2780, A549, Me300, HeLa). The mono carboxyphenyl porphyrin derivatives, 5-(4-carboxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenyl-21,23H-porphyrin (HOOCR1-H2) and 5-(4-carboxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenylporphyrin-Zn (HOOCR1-Zn), after reaction with Ru-3(CO)(12) and pyridine, give the dinuclear complexes [Ru-2(CO)(4)(OOCR1-H2)(2)(NC5H5)(2)] (1) and [Ru-2(CO)(4)-(OOCR1-Zn)(2)(NC5H5)(2)] (2), respectively. Under the same reaction conditions, the di-carboxyphenyl porphyrin derivatives, 5,10-di(4-carboxyphenyl)-15,20-diphenyl-21,23H-porphyrin (HOOCR2-H2COOH) and 5,10-di(4-carboxyphenyl)-15,20-diphenylporphyrin-Zn (HOOCR2-ZnCOOH), give rise to the tetranuclear complexes, [{Ru-2(CO)(4)(NC5H5)(2)}(2)(OOCR2-H2COO)(2)] (3) and [{Ru-2(CO)(4)(NC5H5)(2)}(2)(OOCR2-ZnCOO)(2)] (4), in which two sawhorse diruthenium tetracarbonyl units are linked by the di-carboxyphenyl porphyrin ligands. When tested in human cancer cell lines, both Zn(II) metallo-porphyrin derivatives 2 and 4 and the tetranuclear derivative 3 show some degree of cytotoxicity in the dark, but seem to present no phototoxicity upon irradiation at 652 nm. These results demonstrate the effect of the Zn(II) ion insertion into the porphyrin core, resulting in increased cytotoxicity and decreased phototoxicity. On the other hand, complex 1, the less cytotoxic derivative with IC50 > 170 mu M in HeLa cervix and A2780 ovarian cancer cell lines, shows an excellent phototoxicity toward these cancer cell lines with LD50 comprised between 4.5 and 7.5 J/cm(2) (irradiance 30 mW/cm(2)) at 5 mu M concentration (incubation time: 24 h). Overall, an excellent ratio between photo-and cytotoxicity has been found for the metal-free porphyrin derivative [Ru-2(CO)(4)(OOCR1-H2)(2)(NC5H5)(2)] (1). (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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