Thermodynamics of continuous media with electromagnetic fields

The thermodynamics of an electrically charged, multicomponent continuous medium with electromagnetic fields is analysed in the non-relativistic limit. Applying locally the first and second law of thermodynamics and Maxwell’s equations for a linear theory of electromagnetism, three equations characterising the continuous medium are derived: a thermostatic equilibrium equation, a reversible and an irreversible thermodynamic evolution equation. For a local thermodynamic equilibrium, explicit expressions for the temperature and the chemical potentials in terms of the electromagnetic fields are obtained. The linear phenomenological relations describe novel effects of non-uniform electromagnetic fields on the transport equations and account also for magnetoresistance and optical tweezers.


Published in:
European Physical Journal B Condensed Matter Physics, 85, 412
Year:
2012
Publisher:
New York, Springer Verlag
ISSN:
1434-6028
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2013-01-07, last modified 2018-03-17

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