Journal article

Simplex-Coded BOTDA Sensor Over 120-km SMF With 1-m Spatial Resolution Assisted by Optimized Bidirectional Raman Amplification

Bidirectional low-noise Raman amplification and simplex coding based on the return-to-zero modulation format are optimized through numerical simulations for long-range Brillouin optical time-domain analysis sensing. Experimental results are reported on sensing capabilities along 120-km distance with 1-m spatial resolution, and worst-case temperature and strain resolution values of 1.3 °C and 26ue, respectively.

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