Infoscience

Thesis

Feature Extraction for Image Super-resolution using Finite Rate of Innovation Principles

To understand a real-world scene from several multiview pictures, it is necessary to find the disparities existing between each pair of images so that they are correctly related to one another., This process. called image registration, reguires the extraction of some specific information about the scene. This is achieved by taking features out of the acquired imaqes. Thus, the quality of the, registration depends largely on the accuracy of the extracted features. Feature extraction can be formulated as a sampling problem for which perfect reconstruction of the, desired features is wanted. The recent sampling theory for signals with finite rate of innovation (FR/), and the B-spline theory offer an appropriate new framework for the extraction of features in real, images. This thesis first focuses on extending the sampling theory for FRI signals to a multichannel, case and then presents exact sampling results for two different types of image features used for, registration: moments and edges. In the first part, it is shown that the geometric moments of an observed scene can be retrieved exactly from sampled images and used as global features for registration. The second part describes how edges can also be retrieved perfectly from sampled images for registration purposes. The proposed feature extraction schemes therefore allow in theory the exact registration of images. Indeed, various simulations show that the proposed extraction/registration methods overcome traditional ones, especially at low-resolution. These characteristics make such feature extraction techniques very appropriate for applications like image super-resolution for which a very precise registration is needed. The quality of the superresolved images obtained using the proposed feature extraction methods is improved by comparison with other approaches. Finally, the notion of polyphase components is used to adapt the imaqe acquisition model to the characteristics of real digital cameras in order to run super-resolution experiments on real images.

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