Penrose-Onsager Criterion Validation in a One-Dimensional Polariton Condensate

We perform quantum tomography on one-dimensional polariton condensates, spontaneously occurring in linear disorder valleys in a CdTe planar microcavity sample. By the use of optical interferometric techniques, we determine the first-order coherence function and the amplitude and phase of the order parameter of the condensate, providing a full reconstruction of the single particle density matrix for the polariton system. The experimental data are used as input to theoretically test the consistency of the Penrose-Onsager criterion for Bose-Einstein condensation in the framework of nonequilibrium polariton condensates. The results confirm the pertinence and validity of the criterion for a nonequilibrium condensed gas.


Published in:
Physical Review Letters, 109, 15
Year:
2012
Publisher:
College Pk, Amer Physical Soc
ISSN:
1079-7114
Keywords:
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 Record created 2012-10-15, last modified 2018-09-13

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