Activelets and sparsity: A new way to detect brain activation from fMRI data - art. no. 67010Y

FMRI time course processing is traditionally performed using linear regression followed by statistical hypothesis testing. While this analysis method is robust against noise, it relies strongly on the signal model. In this paper, we propose a non-parametric framework that is based on two main ideas. First, we introduce a problem-specific type of wavelet basis, for which we coin the term "activelets". The design of these wavelets is inspired by the form of the canonical hemodynamic response function. Second, we take advantage of sparsity-pursuing search techniques to find the most compact representation for the BOLD signal under investigation. The non-linear optimization allows to overcome the sensitivity-specificity trade-off that limits most standard techniques. Remarkably, the activelet framework does not require the knowledge of stimulus onset times; this property can be exploited to answer to new questions in neuroscience.


Published in:
Wavelets Xii, Pts 1 And 2, 6701, Y7010-Y7010
Presented at:
Conference on Wavelets XII, San Diego, CA, Aug 26-29, 2007
Year:
2007
Publisher:
Spie-Int Soc Optical Engineering, Po Box 10, Bellingham, Wa 98227-0010 Usa
ISBN:
978-0-8194-6849-9
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2012-07-04, last modified 2018-09-13


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