Reconceptualizing second-person interaction
Over the last couple of decades, most neuroscientific research on social cognition has been dominated by a third person paradigm in which participating subjects are not actively engaging with other agents but merely observe them. Recently this paradigm has been challenged by researchers who promote a second-person approach to social cognition, and emphasize the importance of dynamic, real-time interactions with others. The present article's contribution to this debate is twofold. First, we critically analyze the second-person challenge to social neuroscience, and assess the various ways in which the distinction between second- versus third-person modes of social cognition has been articulated. Second, we put forward an alternative conceptualization of this distinction-one that gives pride of place to the notion of reciprocity. We discuss the implications of our proposal for neuroscientific studies on social cognition.
Keywords: social cognition ; social interaction ; second-person approach ; reciprocal interaction ; Mirror-Neuron System ; Body-Image ; Double-Dissociation ; Social-Perception ; Directed Action ; Optic Ataxia ; Joint Action ; Human Brain ; Imitation ; Mechanisms
Record created on 2012-06-29, modified on 2016-08-09