The Effects of a Tripped Turbulent Boundary Layer on Vortex Shedding from a Blunt Trailing Edge Hydrofoil

Experiments on vortex shedding from a blunt trailing edge symmetric hydrofoil operating at zero angle of attack in a uniform high speed flow, Re-h = 16.1 . 10(3) - 96.6 . 10(3), where the reference length h is the trailing edge thickness, are reported. The effects of a tripped turbulent boundary layer on the wake characteristics are analyzed and compared with the condition of a natural turbulent transition. The foil surface is hydraulically smooth and a fully effective boundary layer tripping at the leading edge is achieved with the help of a distributed roughness. The vortex shedding process is found to be strongly influenced by the boundary layer development: the tripped turbulent transition promotes the re-establishment of organized vortex shedding. In the context of the tripped transition and in comparison with the natural one, significant increases in the vortex span-wise organization, the vortex-induced hydrofoil vibration, the wake velocity fluctuations, and the vortex strength are revealed. Although the vortex shedding frequency is decreased, a modified Strouhal number based on the wake width at the end of the vortex formation region is constant and evidences the similarity of the wakes in terms of spatial distribution for the two considered boundary layer transition processes. [DOI: 10.1115/1.4006700]

Published in:
Journal Of Fluids Engineering-Transactions Of The Asme, 134, -

 Record created 2012-06-29, last modified 2018-03-17

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