A New Planar Antenna Element For Ka-Band Applications
One of the most promising bands for long-range radiocommunications is the Ka-band (25-40 GHz). This is due to the existence of a natural radio transmission window around 30 GHz. Both terrestrial and satellite transmission systems are planned on this frequency band. For satellite applications, circular polarization is needed and the antennas or antenna arrays must frequently exhibit specially tailored radiation patterns. This paper proposes an efficient planar element for Ka-band telecom and remote sensing applications. The element has reduced losses (and hence good efficiency), while providing circular polarization (AR better than 3 dB) and good matching (better than 10 dB) in the 25.5-27.0 GHz frequency band. The element is fed by an integrated low loss transmission line (suspended strip line, SSL). This modular design allows an easy grouping into high efficiency subarrays, which include beam forming networks (BFNs) built in the same SSL technology and an innovative transition to the final standard waveguide feeder.