Improved Recognition of Error Related Potentials through the use of Brain Connectivity Features
Abstract—Brain error processing plays a key role in goaldirected behavior and learning in human brain. Directed transfer function (DTF) on EEG signal brings unique features for discrimination between correct and error cases in braincomputer interface (BCI) system. We describe the first application of brain connectivity features for recognizing error-related signals in non-invasive BCI. EEG signal were recorded from 16 human subjects when they monitored stimuli moving in either correct or erroneous direction. Classification performance using waveform features, brain connectivity features and their combination were compared. The result of combined features yielded highest classification accuracy, 0.85. In addition, we also show that brain connectivity at theta band around 200ms after stimuli carry highly discriminant information between error and correct trials. This paper provides evidence that the use of connectivity features improve the performance of an EEG based BCI.