A Semisynthetic Fluorescent Sensor Protein for Glutamate
We report the semisynthesis of a fluorescent glutamate sensor protein on cell surfaces. Sensor excitation at 547 nm yields a glutamate-dependent emission spectrum between 550 and 700 nm that can be exploited for ratiometric sensing. On cells, the sensor displays a ratiometric change of 1.56. The high sensitivity toward glutamate concentration changes of the sensor and its exclusive extracellular localization make it an attractive tool for glutamate sensing in neurobiology.