An entomopathogenic, Gram-negative bacterium isolated from a female specimen of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster was taxonomically characterised. Strain L48(T) was strictly aerobic, non-fermentative, oxidase and catalase positive, rod-shaped, and motile due to a polar inserted flagellum. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and three other housekeeping genes placed strain L48(T) in the Pseudomonas putida phylogenetic group. DNA-DNA hybridisation studies together with phenotypic metabolic tests and MALDI-TOF MS analysis justified the proposal of strain L48(T) as a representative of a novel species, for which the name Pseudomonas entomophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is deposited in culture collections under accession numbers CCUG 61470(T) and CECT 7985(T). (C) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.