RIP1 is an essential mediator of Toll-like receptor 3-induced NF-kappa B activation

Stimulation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) initiates potent innate immune responses through Toll-interleukin 1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptors such as MyD88 and Trif. Analysis of Trif-deficient mice has shown that TLR3-dependent activation of the transcription factor NF-kappa B by the TLR3 ligand double-stranded RNA is Trif dependent. Here we investigated the 'downstream' signaling events that regulate TLR3-dependent Trif-induced NF-kappa B activation. Trif recruited the kinases receptor interacting protein (RIP)-1 and RIP3 through its RIP homotypic interaction motif. In the absence of RIP1, TLR3-mediated signals activating NF-kappa B, but not the kinase JNK or interferon-beta, were abolished, suggesting that RIP1 mediates Trif-induced NF-kappa B activation. In contrast, the presence of RIP3 negatively regulated the Trif-RIP1-induced NF-kappa B pathway. Therefore, in contrast to other TLRs, which use interleukin 1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK) proteins to activate NF-kappa B, TLR 3-induced NF-kappa B activation is dependent on RIP kinases.


Published in:
Nature immunology, 5, 5, 503-7
Year:
2004
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:
1529-2908
Laboratories:


Note: The status of this file is: Involved Laboratories Only


 Record created 2012-04-26, last modified 2018-03-17

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