Activation of the unfolded protein response pathway causes ceramide accumulation in yeast and INS-1E insulinoma cells
Sphingolipids are not only important components of membranes but also have functions in protein trafficking and intracellular signaling. The LCB1 gene encodes a subunit of the serine palmitoyltransferase, which is responsible for the first step of sphingolipid synthesis. Here, we show that activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) can restore normal ceramide levels and viability in yeast cells with a conditional defect in LCB1. Dependence on UPR was demonstrated by showing the HAC1-dependence of the suppression. A similar induction of ceramides by UPR seems to take place in mammalian cells. In rat pancreatic INS-1E cells, UPR activation induces the transcription of the CerS6 gene, which encodes a ceramide synthase. This correlates with the specific accumulation of ceramide with a C16 fatty acyl chain upon UPR activation. Therefore, our study reveals a novel connection between UPR induction and ceramide synthesis that seems to be conserved between yeast and mammalian cells.-Epstein, S., C. L. Kirkpatrick, G. A. Castillon, M. Mu iz, I. Riezman, F. P. A. David, C. B. Wollheim, and H. Riezman. Activation of the unfolded protein response pathway causes ceramide accumulation in yeast and INS-1E insulinoma cells. J. Lipid Res. 2012. 53: 412-420.
Keywords: sphingolipids ; serine palmitoyltransferase ; endoplasmic reticulum stress ; CerS6 ; fatty acid hydroxylation ; Gpi-Anchored Proteins ; Endoplasmic-Reticulum Stress ; Saccharomyces-Cerevisiae ; Er Stress ; Sphingolipid Biosynthesis ; Lipid Rafts ; Heat-Stress ; Transport ; Membrane ; Golgi
Record created on 2012-03-29, modified on 2016-08-09