Simultaneous and multisite measure of micromotion, subsidence and gap to evaluate femoral stem stability
The initial stability of cementless femoral components is crucial for the long-term success of total hip arthroplasty. This has been reported in animal and clinical studies. Until now, the stability was evaluated by the measurement of relative micromotion on a few simultaneous locations around the stem in cadaveric experiments. This paper presents an extended experimental setup to measure simultaneously local micromotion, subsidence and gap on hundreds of points at the bone–stem interface. This technique we applied to anatomical and straight stems in three pairs of cadaveric femurs. Measurements were in agreement with typically reported values. Conversely to other methods, which measure micromotion between implant and bone anchoring points of the measuring device, our method provides local micromotion between stem surface and adjacent bone surface. The observed variation of micromotion at the peri-implant surface confirms the importance of this simultaneous measure on a lot of points around the implant.