Estimation of multiple phases from a single fringe pattern in digital holographic interferometry
Simultaneous measurement of multidimensional displacements using digital holographic interferometry involves multi-directional illumination of the deformed object and requires the reliable estimation of the resulting multiple interference phase distributions. The paper introduces an elegant method to simultaneously estimate the desired multiple phases from a single fringe pattern. The proposed method relies on modeling the reconstructed interference field as a piecewise multicomponent polynomial phase signal. Effectively, in a given region or segment, the reconstructed interference field is represented as the sum of different components i.e. complex signals with polynomial phases. The corresponding polynomial coefficients are estimated using the product high-order ambiguity function. To ensure proper matching of the estimated coefficients with the corresponding components, an amplitude based discrimination criterion is used. The main advantage of the proposed method is direct retrieval of multiple phases without the application of spatial carrier based filtering operations.