Journal article

Blockers and transversals in some subclasses of bipartite graphs: When caterpillars are dancing on a grid

Given an undirected graph G = (V, E) with matching number nu(G), a d-blocker is a subset of edges B such that nu((V, E \ B)) <= nu(G) - d and a d-transversal T is a subset of edges such that every maximum matching M has vertical bar M boolean AND T vertical bar >= d. While the associated decision problem is NP-complete in bipartite graphs we show how to construct efficiently minimum d-transversals and minimum d-blockers in the special cases where G is a grid graph or a tree. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


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