Stringent requirement for HRD1, SEL1L, and OS-9/XTP3-B for disposal of ERAD-L-S substrates
Sophisticated quality control mechanisms prolong retention of protein-folding intermediates in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) until maturation while sorting out terminally misfolded polypeptides for ER-associated degradation (ERAD). The presence of structural lesions in the luminal, transmembrane, or cytosolic domains determines the classification of misfolded polypeptides as ERAD-L, -M, or -C substrates and results in selection of distinct degradation pathways. In this study, we show that disposal of soluble (nontransmembrane) polypeptides with luminal lesions (ERAD-L-S substrates) is strictly dependent on the E3 ubiquitin ligase HRD1, the associated cargo receptor SEL1L, and two interchangeable ERAD lectins, OS-9 and XTP3-B. These ERAD factors become dispensable for degradation of the same polypeptides when membrane tethered (ERAD-L-M substrates). Our data reveal that, in contrast to budding yeast, tethering of mammalian ERAD-L substrates to the membrane changes selection of the degradation pathway.
Keywords: Reticulum-Associated Degradation ; Mammalian Endoplasmic-Reticulum ; Unfolded Protein Response ; Ubiquitin Ligase Complex ; Motility Factor-Receptor ; N-Glycan Structure ; Hmg-Coa Reductase ; Quality-Control ; Misfolded Glycoproteins ; Apolipoprotein B100
Record created on 2011-12-16, modified on 2016-08-09