Chirality of Triangular Antiferromagnetic Clusters as a Qubit
We show that the chirality of triangular antiferromagnetic clusters can be used as a qubit even if it is entirely decoupled from the total spin of the cluster. In particular, we estimate the orbital moment associated with the chirality, and we show that it can be large enough to allow a direct measurement of the chirality with a field perpendicular to the cluster. Consequences for molecular magnets are discussed, and an alternative implementation with Cu atoms on a surface is proposed, for which one- and two-qubit gates are worked out in detail. Decoherence effects are also discussed.