Nanoporous layers of poly(3,4-propylenedioxythiophene) (PProDOT) were fabricated by electrical-field-assisted growth using hydrophobic ionic liquids as the growing medium. A series of PProDoT layers was prepared with three different ionic liquids to control the microstructure and electrochemical properties of the resulting dye-sensitized solar cells, which were highly efficient and showed a power conversion efficiency of > 9% under different sunlight intensities. The current-voltage characteristics of the counter electrodes varied depending on the ionic liquids used in the synthesis of PProDOT. The most hydrophobic ionic liquids exhibited high catalytic properties, thus resulting in high power conversion efficiency and allowing the fabrication of platinum-free, stable, flexible, and cost effective dye-sensitized solar cells.