000171783 001__ 171783
000171783 005__ 20180913060948.0
000171783 0247_ $$2doi$$a10.1016/j.astropartphys.2010.10.003
000171783 02470 $$2ISI$$a000287068800008
000171783 037__ $$aARTICLE
000171783 245__ $$aMeasurement of acoustic attenuation in South Pole ice
000171783 269__ $$a2011
000171783 260__ $$c2011
000171783 336__ $$aJournal Articles
000171783 520__ $$aUsing the South Pole Acoustic Test Setup (SPATS) and a retrievable transmitter deployed in holes drilled for the IceCube experiment, we have measured the attenuation of acoustic signals by South Pole ice at depths between 190 m and 500 m. Three data sets, using different acoustic sources, have been analyzed and give consistent results. The method with the smallest systematic uncertainties yields an amplitude attenuation coefficient alpha = 3.20 +/- 0.57 km(-1) between 10 and 30 kHz, considerably larger than previous theoretical estimates. Expressed as an attenuation length, the analyses give a consistent result for lambda equivalent to 1/alpha of similar to 300 m with 20% uncertainty. No significant depth or frequency dependence has been found. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
000171783 6531_ $$aNeutrino astronomy
000171783 6531_ $$aAcoustics
000171783 6531_ $$aSouth Pole
000171783 6531_ $$aAcoustic attenuation
000171783 6531_ $$aIce
000171783 6531_ $$aSpectrum
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000171783 700__ $$aAbdou, Y.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aAbu-Zayyad, T.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aAdams, J.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aAguilar, J. A.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aAhlers, M.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aAndeen, K.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aAuffenberg, J.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBai, X.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBaker, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBarwick, S. W.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aBay, R.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aAlba, J. L. Bazo$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBeattie, K.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBeatty, J. J.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBechet, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBecker, J. K.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBecker, K.-H.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBenabderrahmane, M. L.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBerdermann, J.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBerghaus, P.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBerley, D.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBernardini, E.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBertrand, D.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aBesson, D. Z.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBissok, M.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBlaufuss, E.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBoersma, D. J.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBohm, C.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aBoeser, S.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aBotner, O.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aBradley, L.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBraun, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aBuitink, S.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
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000171783 700__ $$aChirkin, D.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aChristy, B.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aClem, J.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aClevermann, F.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000171783 700__ $$0244647$$aCohen, S.$$g181306$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000171783 700__ $$aColnard, C.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aCowen, D. F.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aD'Agostino, M. V.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aDanninger, M.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aDe Clercq, C.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aDemiroers, L.$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000171783 700__ $$aDepaepe, O.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aDescamps, F.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aDesiati, P.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$ade Vries-Uiterweerd, G.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aDeYoung, T.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aDiaz-Velez, J. C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aDreyer, J.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aDumm, J. P.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aDuvoort, M. R.$$uUniv Utrecht, Dept Phys & Astron, SRON, NL-3584 CC Utrecht, Netherlands
000171783 700__ $$aEhrlich, R.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aEisch, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aEllsworth, R. W.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aEngdegard, O.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aEuler, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aEvenson, P. A.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFadiran, O.$$uClark Atlanta Univ, CTSPS, Atlanta, GA 30314 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFazely, A. R.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFeusels, T.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aFilimonov, K.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFinley, C.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aFoerster, M. M.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFox, B. D.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aFranckowiak, A.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aFranke, R.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aGaisser, T. K.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGallagher, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Astron, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGanugapati, R.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGeisler, M.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aGerhardt, L.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGladstone, L.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGluesenkamp, T.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aGoldschmidt, A.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGoodman, J. A.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGrant, D.$$uUniv Alberta, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G7, Canada
000171783 700__ $$aGriesel, T.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aGross, A.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000171783 700__ $$aGrullon, S.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGunasingha, R. M.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aGurtner, M.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aGustafsson, L.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aHa, C.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHallgren, A.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aHalzen, F.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHan, K.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000171783 700__ $$aHanson, K.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHelbing, K.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aHerquet, P.$$uUniv Mons, B-7000 Mons, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aHickford, S.$$uUniv Canterbury, Dept Phys & Astron, Christchurch 1, New Zealand
000171783 700__ $$aHill, G. C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHoffman, K. D.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHomeier, A.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aHoshina, K.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHubert, D.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aHuelsnitz, W.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aHuelss, J.-P.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aHulth, P. O.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aHultqvist, K.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aHussain, S.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aImlay, R. L.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aIshihara, A.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000171783 700__ $$aJacobsen, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aJaparidze, G. S.$$uClark Atlanta Univ, CTSPS, Atlanta, GA 30314 USA
000171783 700__ $$aJohansson, H.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aJoseph, J. M.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKampert, K.-H.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKappes, A.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKarg, T.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKarle, A.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKelley, J. L.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKemming, N.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKenny, P.$$uUniv Kansas, Dept Phys & Astron, Lawrence, KS 66045 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKiryluk, J.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKislat, F.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKlein, S. R.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKnops, S.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKoehne, J.-H.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKohnen, G.$$uUniv Mons, B-7000 Mons, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aKolanoski, H.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKoepke, L.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKoskinen, Dj.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKowalski, M.$$uUniv Bonn, Inst Phys, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKowarik, T.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKrasberg, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aKrings, T.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKroll, G.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aKuehn, K.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
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000171783 700__ $$aLabare, M.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Sci Fac CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aLafebre, S.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aLaihem, K.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aLandsman, H.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aLauer, R.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aLehmann, R.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aLennarz, D.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aLuenemann, J.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMadsen, J.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMajumdar, P.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMaruyama, R.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMase, K.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000171783 700__ $$aMatis, H. S.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMatusik, M.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMeagher, K.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMerck, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMeszaros, P.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aMeures, T.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMiddell, E.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMilke, N.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aMontaruli, T.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
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000171783 700__ $$aMovit, S. M.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
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000171783 700__ $$aNam, J. W.$$uUniv Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA
000171783 700__ $$aNaumann, U.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aNiessen, P.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aNygren, D. R.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aOdrowski, S.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aOlivas, A.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aOlivo, M.$$uRuhr Univ Bochum, Fak Phys & Astron, D-44780 Bochum, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aOno, M.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000171783 700__ $$aPanknin, S.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
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000171783 700__ $$aPérez de los Heros, C.
000171783 700__ $$aPetrovic, J.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aPiegsa, A.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
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000171783 700__ $$aPorrata, R.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aPosselt, J.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aPrice, P. B.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aPrikockis, M.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aPrzybylski, G. T.$$uUniv Alaska, Dept Phys & Astron, Anchorage, AK 99508 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRawlins, K.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRedl, P.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aResconi, E.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aRhode, W.$$uEcole Polytech Fed Lausanne, High Energy Phys Lab, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
000171783 700__ $$0244638$$aRibordy, M.$$g178185$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aRizzo, A.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRodrigues, J. P.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRoth, P.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aRothmaier, F.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRott, C.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aRoucelle, C.$$uTU Dortmund Univ, Dept Phys, D-44221 Dortmund, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aRuhe, T.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRutledge, D.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aRuzybayev, B.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aRyckbosch, D.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSander, H.-G.$$uUniv Oxford, Dept Phys, Oxford OX1 3NP, England
000171783 700__ $$aSarkar, S.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchatto, K.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchlenstedt, S.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSchmidt, T.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSchneider, D.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchukraft, A.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchultes, A.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchulz, O.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSchunck, M.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSeckel, D.$$uBerg Univ Wuppertal, Dept Phys, D-42119 Wuppertal, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSemburg, B.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aSeo, S. H.$$uMax Planck Inst Kernphys, D-69177 Heidelberg, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSestayo, Y.$$uUniv W Indies, Dept Phys, BB-11000 Bridgetown, Barbados
000171783 700__ $$aSeunarine, S.$$uUniv Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSilvestri, A.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSlipakaj, A.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSpiczak, G. M.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aSpiering, C.$$uOhio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStamatikos, M.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStanev, T.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStephens, G.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStezelberger, T.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Lawrence Berkeley Lab, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStokstad, R. G.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStoyanov, S.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aStrahler, E. A.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aStraszheim, T.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aSullivan, G. W.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Sci Fac CP230, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aSwillens, Q.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTaboada, I.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, River Falls, WI 54022 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTamburro, A.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aTarasova, O.$$uGeorgia Inst Technol, Sch Phys, Atlanta, GA 30332 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTepe, A.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTer-Antonyan, S.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTilav, S.$$uPenn State Univ, Dept Phys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
000171783 700__ $$aToale, P. A.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aTosi, D.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aTurcan, D.$$uVrije Univ Brussel, Dienst ELEM, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$avan Eijndhoven, N.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aVandenbroucke, J.$$uUniv Ghent, Dept Subatom & Radiat Phys, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
000171783 700__ $$aVan Overloop, A.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$avan Santen, J.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aVoigt, B.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aWalck, C.$$uHumboldt Univ, Inst Phys, D-12489 Berlin, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWaldenmaier, T.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWallraff, M.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWalter, M.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWendt, C.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWesterhoff, S.$$uUniv Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Madison, WI 53706 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWhitehorn, N.$$uJohannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Phys, D-55099 Mainz, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWiebe, K.$$uRhein Westfal TH Aachen, Inst Phys 3, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWiebusch, C. H.$$uStockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aWikstrom, G.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWilliams, D. R.$$uDESY, D-15735 Zeuthen, Germany
000171783 700__ $$aWischnewski, R.$$uUniv Maryland, Dept Phys, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWissing, H.$$uUniv Calif Berkeley, Dept Phys, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
000171783 700__ $$aWoschnagg, K.$$uUniv Delaware, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
000171783 700__ $$aXu, C.$$uSouthern Univ, Dept Phys, Baton Rouge, LA 70813 USA
000171783 700__ $$aXu, X. W.$$uUppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, S-75120 Uppsala, Sweden
000171783 700__ $$aYanez, J. P.$$uUniv Calif Irvine, Dept Phys & Astron, Irvine, CA 92697 USA
000171783 700__ $$aYodh, G.$$uChiba Univ, Dept Phys, Chiba 2638522, Japan
000171783 700__ $$aYoshida, S.$$uUniv Alabama, Dept Phys & Astron, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 USA
000171783 700__ $$aZarzhitsky, P.
000171783 773__ $$j34$$k6$$q382-393$$tAstroparticle Physics
000171783 909C0 $$0252318$$pLPHE
000171783 909CO $$ooai:infoscience.tind.io:171783$$pSB$$particle
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000171783 917Z8 $$x148230
000171783 937__ $$aEPFL-ARTICLE-171783
000171783 973__ $$aEPFL$$rREVIEWED$$sPUBLISHED
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