PT-Symmetric Periodic Optical Potentials

In quantum theory, any Hamiltonian describing a physical system is mathematically represented by a self-adjoint linear operator to ensure the reality of the associated observables. In an attempt to extend quantum mechanics into the complex domain, it was realized few years ago that certain non-Hermitian parity-time (PT) symmetric Hamiltonians can exhibit an entirely real spectrum. Much of the reported progress has been remained theoretical, and therefore hasn't led to a viable experimental proposal for which non Hermitian quantum effects could be observed in laboratory experiments. Quite recently however, it was suggested that the concept of PT-symmetry could be physically realized within the framework of classical optics. This proposal has, in turn, stimulated extensive investigations and research studies related to PT-symmetric Optics and paved the way for the first experimental observation of PT-symmetry breaking in any physical system. In this paper, we present recent results regarding PT-symmetric Optics.

Published in:
International Journal Of Theoretical Physics, 50, 1019-1041
Presented at:
International Conference on Pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians in Quantum Physics, Hangzhou, PEOPLES R CHINA, Jun 21-24, 2010

 Record created 2011-12-16, last modified 2018-03-17

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