Slow magnetic dynamics and hysteresis loops of the bulk ferromagnet Co-7(TeO3)(4)Br-6
Magnetic dynamics of a bulk ferromagnet, a new single crystalline compound Co-7(TeO3)(4)Br-6, was studied by ac susceptibility and related techniques. Very large Arrhenius activation energy of 17.2 meV (201 K) and long attempt time (2 x 10(-4) s) span the full spectrum of magnetic dynamics inside a convenient frequency window, offering a rare opportunity for general studies of magnetic dynamics. Within the experimental window, the ac susceptibility data build almost ideally semicircular Cole-Cole plots. A comprehensive study of experimental dynamic hysteresis loops of the compound is presented and interpreted within a simple thermal-activation-assisted spin-lattice relaxation model for spin reversal. Quantitative agreement between the experimental results and the model's prediction for dynamic coercive field is achieved by assuming the central physical quantity, the Debye relaxation rate, to depend on frequency, as well as on the applied field strength and sample temperature. Crossover between minor to major hysteresis loops is carefully analyzed. Low-frequency limitations of the model, relying on domain-wall pinning effects, are experimentally detected and appropriately discussed.