Plasmon delocalization onset in finite sized nanostructures
The transition from localized to delocalized plasmons (i.e. the transition from a situation where the decay length of a travelling surface plasma wave is greater than its propagation distance to a situation where it is smaller) and hence the onset of plasmon delocalization is studied in a single 2D silver nanoparticle of increasing length. A fourier analysis in the near-field of the nanoparticle is used as the main tool for analysis. This method, along with far-field scattering spectra simulations and the near-field profile directly above and along the length of the nanoparticle are used to investigate and clearly show the transition from localized to delocalized modes. In particular, it is found that for a finite sized rectangular nanoparticle, both the emerging odd and even delocalized modes are nothing but a superposition of many standing wave plasmon modes. As a consequence, even very short metal films can support delocalized plasmons that bounce back and forth along the film.