Steady-State heat transfer through micro-channels in pressurized He II
The operation of the Large Hadron Collider superconducting magnets for current and high luminosity future applications relies on the cooling provided by helium-permeable cable insulations. These insulations take advantage of a He II micro-channels network constituting an extremely efficient path for heat extraction. In order to provide a fundamental understanding of the underlying thermal mechanisms, an experimental setup was built to investigate heat transport through single He II channels typical of the superconducting cable insulation network, where deviation from the macro-scale theory can appear. Micro-fabrication techniques were exploited to etch the channels down to a depth of 16 μm. The heat transport properties were measured in static pressurized He II and analyzed in terms of the laminar and turbulent He II laws, as well as in terms of the critical heat flux between the two regions.