Journal article

Cepstral normalisation and the signal to noise ratio spectrum in automatic speech recognition

Cepstral normalisation in automatic speech recognition is investigated in the context of robustness to additive noise. In this paper, it is argued that such normalisation leads naturally to a speech feature based on signal to noise ratio rather than absolute energy (or power). Explicit calculation of this SNR-cepstrum by means of a noise estimate is shown to have theoretical and practical advantages over the usual (energy based) cepstrum. The relationship between the SNR-cepstrum and the articulation index, known in psycho-acoustics, is discussed. Experiments are presented suggesting that the combination of the SNR-cepstrum with the well known perceptual linear prediction method can be beneficial in noisy environments.

Related material