Journal article

Sub-centimetre Spatial Resolution in Distributed Fibre Sensing, based on Dynamic Brillouin Grating in Optical Fibers

Optical fibre sensors based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers have now clearly demonstrated their excellent capability for long-range distributed strain and temperature measurements. The fibre is used as sensing element and a value for temperature and/or strain can be obtained from any point along the fibre. While the spatial resolution of classical configurations is practically limited to 1 meter by the phonon lifetime, novel approaches have been demonstrated these past years that can overcome this limit. In this paper, this could be achieved by two physical processes: prior activation of a steady acoustic wave through the classical Brillouin interaction between two Brillouin pumps, and interrogation by Bragg reflection on the acoustic wave using a distinct ultra-short pulse in a highly birefringent fiber.We could achieve a spatial resolution below one centimetre, while preserving the full accuracy on the determination of temperature and strain.

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