Carbene-Functionalized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Electrical Properties

Pure metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes (m-SWCNTs) are very desirable for many electrode and interconnecting applications. However, the lack of reliable processing techniques to sort m-SWCNTs from the as-synthesized SWCNT samples is an obstacle to these applications. The effects of carbene-based covalent functionalization on the electrical properties of an isolated m-SWCNT, a semiconducting (s)-SWCNT, and a mixture network of both m-and s-SWCNTs are reported. For the first time, a semiconducting-to-metallic SWCNT transition upon dichlorocarbene functionalization is observed. Interestingly, the transition is reversible upon thermal annealing under ambient conditions. The electrical properties of m-SWCNTs remain largely unaffected whereas the on-state conductivity of s-SWCNTs is greatly reduced by this process, in agreement with the relevant theoretical predictions. These findings could pave the way for fabricating large-scale SWCNT-based interconnects and electrodes in full-carbon integrated circuits.


Published in:
Small, 7, 9, 1257-1263
Year:
2011
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:
1613-6810
Keywords:
Laboratories:




 Record created 2011-06-06, last modified 2018-03-18


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